such as the many words in this book that you will learn for the first time. Words are an important part of linguistic knowledge and constitute a com- ponent of our . Why do languages have morphology? 6. The organization of this book. 8. Summary. 8. Exercises. 9. 2 Words, dictionaries, and the mental lexicon. There is no book that deals adequately with morphology in general linguistic terms and that also takes into account fully up-to-date versions of syntactic and.

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These are examples of morphology in action – morphological facts of everyday life. □ Novel words and word play. If you had been walking down the street . PDF | Preview: In this chapter you will first learn to segment words into their In book: Exploring Language and Linguistics, Editors: Natalie Braber, Louise. ffiss^a»jnj. This book provides an introduction to the field of linguistic morphology . It The focus of this book is on morphological phenomena and on broad.

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In this book on morphological productivity, Laurie Bauer gives an extensive overview of the various definitions of productivity found in the morphological literature as well as a historical synopsis of the research and the debate on productivity within morphology.

B discusses fundamental linguistic notions relevant to this issue, such as morphological processes, prior existence and attestation of words, lexicalization, frequency, semantic coherence, transparency, regularity, paradigm pressure, analogy, degrees of productivity, default, naturalness, markedness, creativity, and dichotomies such as competence vs.

B then suggests a tentative definition of productivity based on a dichotomy between creativity and productivity, viewing productivity as the potential of a morphological process to generate repetitive noncreative coinings 98— Furthermore, B cites research on psycholinguistic experiments on storage of words in the lexicon and on production and comprehension of inflectional, derivational, and compound items and emphasizes the need to take productivity into account when interpreting the results of such experiments.

In particular, B discusses scalar productivity and some possible factors that may constrain it such as phonological factors, morphological factors, syntactic factors, semantic factors, lexical factors, pragmatic factors, aesthetic factors, and blocking. B also reviews the various mathematical procedures suggested in the literature as measurements of productivity.

These are based on: 1 the ratio between actual items and potential items generated by a morphological process, 2 the token frequency of items occurring only once as compared to the total token frequency of all items generated by that morphological process in a corpus, and 3 the ratio between the number of items of a category which only occur once in a corpus and the total amount of items occurring only once.

B suggests a measurement of productivity based on the rate of additions to a category generated by a morphological process over time. All suggested measurements of productivity turn out to be problematic, either because they yield different results for the same word-formation processes or because there are practical difficulties associated with them.

B concludes that restrictions on morphological processes need to be defined in terms of their domains of application and that such restrictions can often change over time, resulting in changes in productivity and patterns of productivity of the same affix.

The interaction between syntax and word formation has always been a battleground, on which many important linguistic wars have been fought. In the late s and early s, disagreements involving the nature of the Word Formation WF component and the Lexicon provided the background for the emergence of two radically different trends within generative grammar: At stake at the time was the appropriate constraining of the grammar, and whether an independent, list—like lexicon is more or less costly than an xtremely powerful syntax, in which transformations could derive varying syntactic and morphological structures from unique semantic representations.

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If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Chapter 8. Book Editor s: Andrew Spencer Search for more papers by this author. Arnold M.

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Brian Sullivan. Muhammad Fuad. Categorial Morphology.